It was on this day in 1932 that President Hoover ordered the Army to clear Washington DC of Army veterans that had gathered to protest. The men who had served in The Great War had been given a delayed “bonus” while serving, due to be paid in 1945. With the Great Depression occurring, the unemployed vets were requesting that the bonus be paid immediately. In mid-June the Senate defeated a measure that would have done so, and tensions increased over the next few weeks. After the President issued his order General Douglas MacArthur led two regiments, one infantry and one cavalry, towards the Hooverville camp that the vets and their families were living in. Major George Patton started the attack with six tanks, and troops with bayonets a-fixed followed in his wake. At least four people were killed, over 55 wounded, 135 arrested and the make-shift camp was burnt to the ground. In 1936 Congress over-rode a Presidential veto and authorized the immediate payout to the WWI veterans.
The earliest event that Wiki says happened on this day is “1364 – Troops of the Republic of Pisa and of the Republic of Florence clash in the Battle of Cascina” and the most recent is “2010 – Airblue Flight 202 crashes into the Margalla Hills north of Islamabad, Pakistan, killing all 152 people aboard. It is the deadliest aviation accident in Pakistan history and the first involving an Airbus A321.”
A few other things that also took place on this day are:
1868 – The 14th Amendment to the US Constitution is certified and declared to be in effect.
1914 – Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
1945 – 14 people are killed when a US Army bomber crashes into the Empire State Building.
Happy birthday to Steve Morse, Sally Struthers, and Jim Davis.