It was on this day in 1957 that President Eisenhower sent troops from the 101st Airborne Division to Little Rock, Arkansas in order to enforce desegregation in the public schools. Segregated schools had been declared illegal the year before, but when nine black students registered at an all-white public school the governor of Arkansas deployed National Guard troops to prevent them from attending. The mayor of Little Rock asked the federal government to intervene, and the President nationalized the National Guard (thus taking command away from the Governor) in addition to sending in over 1,200 federal soldiers. The students were then admitted into the High School under armed guard.
The earliest event that Wiki says happened on this day is “622 – Prophet Muhammad completes his hijra from Mecca to Medina” and the most recent is “2009 – The G20 summit begins in Pittsburgh with 30 global leaders in attendance. It marks the first use of LRAD in U.S. history.”
A few other things that also took place on this day are:
1789 – The Judiciary Act is passed by Congress and signed by President Washington. It created the office of the Attorney General, established the federal court system, and defined the composition of the Supreme Court.
1906 – President Theodore Roosevelt announced that Devils Tower in Wyoming is a National Monument, the first time a president exercised that power.
1960 – The first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, USS Enterprise, is launched.
1964 – First episode of The Munsters is broadcast.
Happy birthday to Alan Colmes and Joe Greene.